Fiona Moran

Fiona Moran is a multi-disciplinary freelance designer based in Dublin. Having received her photography qualification in 2018 she did photography freelance work. Fiona began working as a freelance designer in 2022 having completed a Visual Communications Design degree at TUDublin. Fiona has engaged on projects such as illustration, book design, visual identity, logo design, and more. Fiona is proficient at developing concepts, copywriting, illustration and image-making along with being skilled in Adobe InDesign, Illustrator, Photoshop and After Effects. Fiona enjoys the historical analysis of practices of design in tandem with current design practices. Fiona is a member of the Institute of Designers Ireland.

Shaping the world

This project is a response to the ISTD brief titled “Shaping the World.” Consideration is given to themes in Naomi Kleins seminal book “This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate,” in which Klein pins the blame for the climate crisis squarely on capitalism. Published in 2014 it was significant then and to a much greater extent now. The global climate crisis cannot be addressed in the current era of neoliberal market fundamentalism.

Because its several years since it was published, I am in effect repeating some of Naomi Klein’s contentions but also, contextualising and updating them. Some of this project’s content is in book form and, approximately mapped out. The two square meter mapping out, is representative of the surface of the earth. It sits between a map, timeline, chart, and diagram. Then it has various smaller parts. This places in visual form connections between people, events, places, and organisations drawn from themes in Kleins text.

There is a ‘map of footnotes’ in chronological order placed at the beginning of ‘This Changes Nothing’ that distil politics, economics, and history. The text then offers vignettes that traverse carbon offsetting and ‘greenwashing,’ energy security, extractive projects, the Arctic, Just Stop Oil, responsibility and control within the media, global warming, Australia; including the black summer, great barrier reef and Indigenous, funding and support by organisations that contribute significantly to Republican candidates, in particular ones that lobby against efforts to expand government’s role in health care and climate change mitigation or promote climate change denial.

Fossil fuels are referenced two hundred and seventy-four times by Naomi Klein in her ground-breaking book on climate change and capitalism. Because of their origins, fossil fuels have

a high carbon content. The words ‘climate change’ are conspicuous in their absence among releases from almost all our political representatives, who ‘Never Waste a Crisis’ and advise that we should double down on our use of fossil fuels. The United States, Canada and eighteen other countries including Ireland, committed at the COP26 climate summit to stop public financing for fossil fuel projects and steer their spending into clean energy instead. Vladimir Putin’s criminal aggression is not only devastating Ukraine it has also administered a severe blow to the efforts to save the planet.

Naomi Klein asks how the renewable energy sector could receive supports to replace fossil fuels around the world. Fifty three percent of Irelands electricity during February 2022 came from wind power and solar is a technology that has minimal impact on the environment.

Lighthouses of the world

This project is in response to the lighthouses of the world ISTD brief. Lighthouses are part of our heritage, serving as records of societal and cultural progression in the fields of engineering and architecture. Historical architectural drawings were kindly made available for this Navigating Lighthouses project by the Commissioners of Irish Lights. These plans give important insights about the structures of three Lighthouses all located in Dublin Bay that form the focus of the project. There was a wealth of information available for the world engineering first, Kish Lighthouse. By comparison there was not the same volume of material for the Baily and Muglins lighthouses available.

The sea is critical in how it responds to global change and influences climate, so it is important to know about all aspects of the sea, especially when global change is everywhere. The seabed especially around the outer Dublin Bay area is populated with offshore sand banks. They are the reason the Stena line ferry departing from Dun Laoghaire does not plot a straight course when sailing through Dublin Bay on its way to travel across the Irish Sea.

Ireland being an Island Nation, have a proud connection to the sea around the coastline and our Lighthouses. Dublin Bay has in the past been fatal for ships where the nature of the shore in severe weather has caused whole crews to perish. The subsequent lighthouse structures skillfully built using derricks and pulleys at strategic locations have saved many lives. The Baily, Muglins and Kish Lighthouses are situated in approaches to the port of Dublin and are interesting to examine collectively for comparison.

It is easy to overlook what goes on beneath the water which covers three quarters of the planet. Even with advanced sonar lighthouses are a safeguard, in case of technological error to warn mariners about potential hazards both above and beneath the water surface.

Relatives of those who perished on the RMS Leinster, still visit the Kish Lighthouse over one hundred years after the mail ship was torpedoed by a German U-boat off the Kish sandbank in 1918. Setting sail from Dun Laoghaire harbour they follow the route of the RMS Leinster, stopping at the Kish Lighthouse which some refer to as ‘the grave’ to scatter wreaths. It was important to include what happened the RMS Leinster mail ship in this project, because of its resting place on the Kish sandbank and as a timely sad reminder of the futility of war.